The specific objective of the Action is to ensure “Good governance in promotion of pro-poor safe and sustainable water supply and sanitation services”. The purpose of the Action will be to provide support to the improved access to sustainable water supply, sanitation and hygiene practices among the un-served and marginalised rural communities living with different geo-physical vulnerabilities. Apart from establishing community-managed and community-owned water and sanitation programmes, the Action will strengthen capacity of the LGIs (LAs), service providers, PSOs (Private Sector Operators) and the members of the community groups and encourage participation, accountability and transparency among the stakeholders to promote effective and efficient service delivery in terms of water supply and sanitation services for the vulnerable poor from the hard-to-reach areas.
The Action will target poor, marginal and vulnerable people and communities in the hard-to-reach areas. NGO Forum will implement this Project following the community-managed approach. The key method of implementation will follow the participatory approach to facilitate enhanced bottom-up interaction and greater responses at the grassroots level. Alongside direct service delivery and capacity building, the Action will put more emphasis on advocacy issues through NGO Forum’s decentralized functional mechanism taking the support from 27 selected partner NGOs.
The Project will:
This will promote community-managed and demand-responsive approaches following the pro-poor strategy for water and sanitation services along with arsenic mitigation.
The implementation method will follow the sequential steps as shown in the Flow Chart:
Reasons for Proposed Methodology
This pro-poor involvement will promote an empowered society within the six vulnerable geo-physical zones. NGO Forum will continue the WatSan promotion following its people-centric approach through this implementation methodology. Adequate emphasis for balancing between water supply and sanitation service delivery and better governance of services along with transparency and accountability will help to compliment achieving the national goals as well as the Millennium Development Goals.
The community management approach is the key to ensuring the sustainability of the Project. The principle of the community-managed approach is that the community will own, operate and maintain the facility by themselves.
The Project will establish linkages with the VDCs, the traditional form of leadership, the local government representatives and other government and non-governmental stakeholders so that the community people are able to manage the services even after the completion of the Project.
Throughout the process, the average allocation for UPs is expected to be increased. If transparency is ensured the misuse of resources will be reduced and, as a result, institutions will have surplus to continue their services.
One of the major focuses of the project is capacity building and once community and elected bodies are capacitated and the systems are running well this will sustain the activities in the long run. Steps will be taken to mobilize local resources and funds to carry out the activities by the UPs and CBOs after the project intervention period.
Before the completion of the Project, NGO Forum in consultation with UPs, CBOs, NGOs and other stakeholders will further review the options and plans on sustainability aspects. NGO Forum and its partner NGOs will continue to liaison with the UPs, CBOs and service providers at the completion of the Project.
The Project will enhance the capacity of NSAs and facilitate UP’s roles and responsibilities, efficiency and effectiveness of services for the pro-poor in a transparent and democratic manner.
NGO Forum’s work will remain relevant to the UP’s capacity building activities and peoples’ strengthening.
At the programme level, NGO Forum has established mechanisms to sustain the process of UPs monitoring and evaluation. Through this Project, NGO Forum will establish a formal and sustainable relationship with UPs, CBOs, community leaders, local government and other civil society actors. A balanced relationship will convert into a strong platform for establishing UP’s transparency, accountability and social justice.Policy Level
Direct participation and transparency of UP activities relating to budget allocation is still not significant. The Project will advocate and lobby to include these practices and, once adopted by the government, will sustain their presence in the long run.
Demands will be increased from NSAs and LAs as well as local communities especially for making the budget participatory, gender-friendly and open, contributing to a greater change in policies and practices by the LGIs in the project intervention areas.
Climate change has brought additional threats to the existing drinking water supply and sanitation systems in Bangladesh. Rising temperatures, erratic rainfall and extreme climatic events (floods, cyclones, tidal surges, salinity intrusion, drought etc) affect the water sources, availability, quality and access, particularly for the poor and hard-to-reach people.
This Project will promote sustainable water supply and sanitation options appropriate to the local physical, social and cultural contexts to ensure drinking water security, better sanitation, hygiene and health along with basic services on arsenic mitigation. The Project will promote demand-responsive, context-specific and environmentally-safe water supply options combating the vulnerabilities in the hard-to-reach areas.
Result 1 – Capacity of Local Government Institutions (LGI) and Civil Society enhanced for facilitating effective delivery of safe water supply and environmental sanitation services.
Result 2 – Increased access to safe water supply, sanitation and hygiene practices for reducing health burden among poor and vulnerable communities in rural hard-to-reach areas.
Result 3 – Increased sensitization of relevant actors, service providers, LGIs and other relevant stakeholders in the importance of effective water supply and sanitation services.
The Action is expected to contribute to improved Public Health by reducing mortality and morbidity caused by water- and excreta-borne diseases. The Action will compliment the UN declaration on access to water as a human right (2010) and the National Strategy for Water and Sanitation for Hard to Reach Areas of Bangladesh.
The Action will have an impact on target groups and final beneficiaries throughout its expected results and spill over effects. Particular attention to the final beneficiaries will be given under the Result-2 and attention to the target groups will be prioritized in Result-1 and Result-3.
Expected Impact of the Action
About 3 million poor, excluded and vulnerable people in hard-to-reach areas, as well as the stakeholders related to WatSan promotion, will benefit directly and indirectly from the project. The Project will concentrate on the promotion of demand-responsive, context-specific and affordable WatSan options. The LGIs, especially the Union Parishads, will play a lead role in the implementation process.
The LGIs will also collaborate with other local bodies i.e. UWC, UDMC, WWC, VDC, indigenous groups (school teachers, students, religious leaders and cultural groups), private sector operators, CBOs and NGOs for promoting improved hygiene behaviour. Through the involvement of partners, communities and other potential groups, the Project aims to promote hygiene through mass awareness and social mobilization.
Better governance in the water supply and sanitation sector through the sensitizing and capacity building of communities, LGIs and other service providers and stakeholders will lead to a community-managed and demand-responsive approach. Close collaboration will take place among communities, LGIs and local authorities within the six vulnerable geo-physical zones.